Explain why rapid economic growth may be harmful to individuals in an economy
• Increased negative externalities (e.g. pollution or congestion) which result from higher economic activity as more output leads to more pollution/more output leads to more cars/vans on road.
• Depletion of natural resources as growth leads to using up of resources that may be non-renewable leading to higher prices or shortages.
• Higher inflation may result if growth is excessive or prolonged.
• Increased inequality as the growth may come from those earning high incomes whilst those on lower incomes or benefits see no/little change in their income levels.