A level and O level ECONOMICS
Access 400+ Economics Essays With the Economics Study Pack
(Free previews below!)
What if you could score the highest grades possible on your economics essays? Subscribe and get access to a collection of high-quality A+ economics essays.
Simple and clear english
Diagrams included where relevant
For A level, AS level, GCSEs and O level.
Differences between International and Internal Trade
Analyse ways in which international trade differs from internal trade.
International Trade and Exchange Rates
Frequently asked question
Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the main idea.
International trade differs from internal trade in several ways:
➡️1. Greater distances and transportation costs: International trade involves goods and services being exchanged between different countries, which typically requires transportation over longer distances. The cost of transporting goods internationally is generally higher than for internal trade, which can increase the overall cost of trade and affect prices.
➡️2. Larger and more competitive markets: International trade provides access to a larger market compared to internal trade within a single country. This larger market size allows firms to potentially benefit from economies of scale, as they can produce and sell in larger quantities, leading to cost savings and increased competitiveness.
➡️3. Currency differences: Internal trade often occurs within a single country using the same currency, while international trade involves transactions between countries with different currencies. Dealing with multiple currencies can increase transaction costs, as currency conversions, exchange rate fluctuations, and hedging strategies may be necessary.
➡️4. Wider range of goods and services: International trade allows for a broader range of goods and services to be exchanged, as different countries have their own specialties and comparative advantages. This diversity provides consumers with greater choice and access to a variety of products that may not be available in their domestic market.
➡️5. Trade restrictions and regulations: International trade is subject to trade barriers, such as tariffs, quotas, and regulatory requirements, imposed by countries to protect domestic industries or ensure safety standards. These trade restrictions can increase the cost of production and impact the competitiveness of traded goods compared to internal trade within a country.
➡️6. Differences in tastes, cultures, and regulations: International trade involves interactions between countries with different preferences, cultural norms, and regulatory frameworks. This requires firms to adapt their products or services to meet the specific needs and requirements of different markets. Differences in languages and cultural practices may also necessitate additional costs, such as translation services and customized marketing strategies.
Overall, international trade poses unique challenges and opportunities compared to internal trade, including higher transportation costs, currency considerations, larger and more competitive markets, a broader range of products, trade restrictions, and the need for adaptation to different tastes, cultures, and regulations.
- Definition of international trade
- Importance of international trade
II. Cost of International Trade
- Increased cost of transport
- Longer delivery times
III. Benefits of International Trade
- Access to a bigger market
- Increased competition
- Economies of scale
IV. Challenges of International Trade
- Use of different currencies
- Trade restrictions
- Differences in tastes and cultures
- Differences in regulations
- Language barriers
- Summary of key points
- Importance of addressing challenges in international trade.
• International trade usually covers greater distances - which increases the cost of transport - may take longer for delivery -.
• International trade means a bigger market than the internal market - and more competitive - enabling firms to gain economies of scale -
• Internal trade involves using the same currency - international trade may involve two or more currencies - increasing transaction costs -.
• International trade means a wider range of goods & services - this gives consumers greater choice -
• Trade restrictions may be imposed on products traded internationally - raising costs of production -.
• Tastes and cultures may differ - requiring differences in products offered -.
• Regulations may differ - requiring adjustments in products -.
• Languages may differ - e.g. incurring costs of translation -.