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Increased International Trade and its Impact on Economic Growth

Discuss whether or not increased international trade can promote economic growth.

Category:

International Trade and Exchange Rates

Frequently asked question

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Answer

Be aware of different economic perspectives and theories.

Increased international trade can indeed promote economic growth, but it is important to consider both the potential benefits and drawbacks. Let's examine both sides of the argument:
Why it may promote economic growth:
➡️1. Expanded market and increased exports: International trade opens up new markets for domestically produced goods and services. By exporting products, countries can increase their total demand and generate additional revenue, which can contribute to economic growth.
➡️2. Specialization and economies of scale: International trade allows firms to specialize in producing goods and services that they have a comparative advantage in. This specialization can lead to economies of scale, as firms can increase their production efficiency and lower costs. The resulting cost savings can be passed on to consumers, stimulating further demand and economic growth.
➡️3. Increased competition and efficiency: International trade exposes domestic firms to international competition. This competitive pressure can incentivize firms to become more efficient, improve their productivity, and innovate. Ultimately, this can enhance the overall efficiency and competitiveness of the economy, leading to higher economic growth rates.
➡️4. Access to resources and inputs: International trade enables countries to access resources and inputs that are not available domestically. This can include raw materials, intermediate goods, or specialized components. By having access to these inputs, countries can expand their production capabilities, increase output, and stimulate economic growth.
Why it may not promote economic growth:
➡️1. Increased imports and decreased domestic demand: While international trade expands export opportunities, it also leads to increased imports. If imports outpace exports, it can lead to a decrease in domestic demand, potentially dampening economic growth.
➡️2. Competition and impact on domestic firms: Increased international trade can expose domestic firms to intense competition from foreign companies. If domestic firms are unable to compete effectively, it can lead to revenue losses, reduced profitability, and potentially higher unemployment rates.
➡️3. Potential market shortages: Dependence on international trade for certain goods can make the domestic market vulnerable to sudden changes in supply or disruptions in global trade. This can result in shortages of essential goods, impacting the stability and growth of the domestic economy.
➡️4. Volatility and external shocks: International trade can expose an economy to external shocks and fluctuations in global demand and supply. Changes in global economic conditions, trade policies, or exchange rates can affect the viability and competitiveness of domestic industries, leading to uncertain and volatile economic outcomes.
In conclusion, increased international trade has the potential to promote economic growth through expanded markets, specialization, economies of scale, increased competition, and access to resources. However, it is necessary to consider potential drawbacks, such as increased imports, challenges for domestic firms, potential shortages, and exposure to external shocks. Effective trade policies, strategies to enhance domestic competitiveness, and prudent risk management are crucial for harnessing the benefits of international trade while mitigating its potential negative consequences.

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I. 🍃Introduction
- Brief explanation of the topic
- Thesis statement

II. Advantages of international trade
- Increase size of the market for domestically produced goods
- Increase exports
- Increase total demand
- Firms can specialise and achieve economies of scale
- Decrease cost of production
- Increase demand for goods and services produced domestically
- Increase competitive pressure, making firms more efficient
- Increase access to products not available domestically
- Increase output of an economy

III. Disadvantages of international trade
- Increase amount of imports
- Decrease total demand of the economy
- Domestic firms may not be able to compete causing less revenue, less profits, more unemployment
- May result in shortages of e.g. rice in the domestic market
- Make the economy more subject to sudden changes in demand and supply

IV. Case study: The impact of international trade on the US economy
- Overview of the US economy
- Analysis of the impact of international trade on the US economy
- Discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of international trade for the US economy

V. 👉Conclusion
- Summary of the main points
- Restatement of the thesis statement
- Final thoughts and recommendations.

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Why it may:
• increase size of the market for domestically produced goods, increase exports, increase total demand
• firms can specialise and achieve economies of scale, decrease cost of production, increase demand for goods and services produced domestically
• increase competitive pressure - making firms more efficient -
• increase access to products not available domestically, e.g. raw materials to produce other goods, increase output of an economy -. Why it may not:
• Increase amount of imports, decrease total demand of the economy
• domestic firms may not be able to compete causing less revenue, less profits, more unemployment,
• may result in shortages of e.g. rice in the domestic market
• make the economy more subject to sudden changes in demand and supply.

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