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Understanding Absolute Poverty

Explain what is meant by absolute poverty.


Labor Market and Income Distribution

Frequently asked question



Be critical in your analysis and avoid making unsupported claims.

Absolute poverty refers to a condition in which individuals or households lack the financial resources to afford the basic necessities required for survival. It is characterized by an inability to access essential goods and services, including food, water, shelter, warmth, and clothing. Individuals experiencing absolute poverty typically live on very low incomes and struggle to meet their daily needs.

The concept of absolute poverty is often quantified by establishing a poverty line, which represents the minimum income required to afford a basic standard of living. The poverty line varies across countries and is influenced by factors such as cost of living, prevailing wage levels, and social norms. For example, the international poverty line set by the World Bank is currently defined as living on less than $➡️1.➡️90 per day.
Absolute poverty serves as an important measure to assess the severity of deprivation and identify individuals and communities in need of immediate assistance. It provides a fundamental benchmark to evaluate the effectiveness of poverty reduction efforts and to target resources and policies towards those most vulnerable and disadvantaged.

It is crucial to distinguish absolute poverty from relative poverty, which refers to a condition in which individuals or households have significantly lower living standards compared to the average in their society. While relative poverty takes into account the distribution of income within a population, absolute poverty focuses on the minimal level of income necessary to meet basic survival needs.
Addressing absolute poverty requires comprehensive strategies aimed at improving access to education, healthcare, clean water, sanitation, and income-generating opportunities. Governments, international organizations, and communities play critical roles in implementing poverty alleviation programs, social safety nets, and policies that promote inclusive economic growth and sustainable development. By targeting absolute poverty, societies can strive towards ensuring that every individual has the means to lead a dignified and fulfilling life.


I. 🍃Introduction
A. Definition of economics
B. Importance of economics in society
C. Purpose of the essay

II. Microeconomics
A. Definition of microeconomics
B. Examples of microeconomic concepts
➡️1. Supply and demand
➡️2. Market equilibrium
➡️3. Elasticity
C. Importance of microeconomics in decision-making

III. Macroeconomics
A. Definition of macroeconomics
B. Examples of macroeconomic concepts
➡️1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
➡️2. Inflation
➡️3. Unemployment
C. Importance of macroeconomics in policy-making

IV. Economic Systems
A. Definition of economic systems
B. Types of economic systems
➡️1. Capitalism
➡️2. Socialism
➡️3. Mixed economy
C. Advantages and disadvantages of each economic system

V. International Trade
A. Definition of international trade
B. Benefits of international trade
➡️1. Increased competition
➡️2. Access to new markets
➡️3. Lower prices for consumers
C. Challenges of international trade
➡️1. Protectionism
➡️2. Trade deficits
➡️3. Currency fluctuations

VI. 👉Conclusion
A. Summary of key points
B. Implications for the future
C. Call to action.





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