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Causes and Consequences of a Fall in the Birth Rate

Question

Explain the causes of a fall in the birth rate.

Category:

Demographic Factors and Population

Frequently asked question

Preview Answer

I. 🍃Introduction
- Brief overview of the factors affecting birth rates

II. Factors contributing to a decrease in birth rates
- Rise in incomes and standard of living
- Increase in education
- More women working
- Improved family planning
- Women marrying later
- Improved social provision and more affordable healthcare

III. Factors contributing to an increase in birth rates
- Higher cost of raising children and cut in government child benefits
- Fall in infant mortality rates
- Government discourages births

IV. Explanation of factors contributing to a decrease in birth rates
- Richer people tend to have fewer children
- Increased education raises people's expectations of living standards
- More educated women tend to marry later
- More knowledge and availability of ways to limit families
- More children surviving to adulthood
- Working women tend to limit their families
- Provision of state pensions and healthcare reduces parents' need to have children to look after them

V. Explanation of factors contributing to an increase in birth rates
- Higher cost of raising children and cut in government child benefits
- Fall in infant mortality rates
- Government discourages births

VI. 👉Conclusion
- Summary of the factors affecting birth rates
- Implications for future population growth and policy decisions.

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