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Economics explained


Economic systems

The Free Market

The Free Market

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The free-market economy

The free market economy is an economy where all economic decisions are taken by individual households and firms and with no government intervention.

Price mechanism

In a free-market economy, decisions on how resources are to be allocated are usually taken by the price mechanism.

The price mechanism determines the production, utilization of resources, and pricing.

This means that the forces of demand and supply determine:

what goods and services will be produced,

how they will be produced

for whom will they be produced

Prices act to indicate the likely market value of particular resources.

The price mechanism works as follows.

Prices respond to shortages and surpluses.

Shortages result in prices rising.

Surpluses result in prices falling.

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