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Benefits of a young population?

Analyse the advantages of a young population.


CIE October/November 2023.



Title: The Economic Advantages of a Young Population


A society's population structure significantly influences its economic prosperity, affecting key aspects ranging from human capital to investment potential. A young population is typically defined as an age demographic with a majority of individuals falling below the age of 35, often referred to as the "workforce" segment. This essay analyses the numerous economic benefits of a young population, drawing on economic concepts such as human capital, productivity, tax revenue, and government expenditure, among others.

Heading 1: Enhancing Technology Adoption and Human Capital

A young population is empirically seen to adapt to modern technology quicker than older generations. With the current digital revolution permeating all economic sectors, this tech-savviness significantly enhances the capacity to adopt digital tools and innovations, facilitating economic growth. Often, these younger populations also come with higher levels of education and skills training than older counterparts, building up the country's human capital resources. This investment in human capital can catapult economies as the highly skilled labour pool can be extremely productive, correlating positively with a country's output.

Heading 2: Augmenting the Labour Force and Tax Revenues

An essential attribute to a young population is its ability to swell the labour force, thereby increasing the economy's productive capacity. As these individuals enter their peak earning years, they contribute to greater tax revenue, which in turn, provides funds for the government to develop infrastructure or other sectors conducive to economic growth.

Heading 3: Decreasing Expenditure and Fostering Mobility

A younger population can potentially lead to less government spending on pensions and healthcare services directed towards elderly citizens. These funds can instead be channeled towards economic growth drivers like education and infrastructure. Moreover, young individuals are typically more geographically and occupationally mobile, facilitating economic dynamism. They are often willing to relocate for better job prospects and can adapt to changing occupational needs more readily.

Heading 4: Stimulating Consumption and Encouraging Innovation

Younger people tend to spend a larger proportion of their income contributing to overall consumption – a powerful driver for economic growth. They are also known to be more innovative, their entrepreneurial spirits contributing to new business creation, augmenting wealth, and output.


In summary, a young population offers vast economic advantages. Equipped with up-to-date skills, greater mobility, and an adaptable mindset, they are poised to contribute significantly to their economies. However, these benefits are not automatic. They require sound policy-making to ensure that these potential economic dividends from a young population are harnessed effectively, for instance, through effective education systems, labor legislation advancements, and encouraging innovation and entrepreneurial culture.






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