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Population Size and its Impact on Living Standards

Discuss whether an increase in a country’s population size will cause an increase in living standards.


Demographic Factors and Population

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➡Title: The Relationship Between Population Size and Living Standards: A Critical Analysis
🍃Introduction: The relationship between population size and living standards has been a topic of significant debate in the field of economics. While some argue that an increase in population can lead to economic growth and improved living conditions, others contend that it can strain resources and hinder development. This essay aims to critically analyze the impact of population size on living standards, considering various economic factors and perspectives.
I. Population Growth and Economic Development: ➡️1.➡️1. Positive Effects:
• Expansion of the labor force: A larger population can contribute to economic growth by providing a larger pool of labor, which can stimulate production and output.
• Enhanced market size: A larger population can create a larger domestic market, attracting investments and fostering business opportunities.
• Innovation and knowledge sharing: A larger population can foster innovation, knowledge sharing, and technological advancements through increased human capital and diversity of ideas.
➡️1.➡️2. Negative Effects:
• Strain on resources: An increase in population can strain limited resources such as water, energy, and food, potentially leading to shortages and higher prices.
• Environmental degradation: Rapid population growth can lead to increased pollution, deforestation, and depletion of natural resources, adversely affecting living standards.
• Pressure on public infrastructure and services: A larger population may put pressure on public infrastructure, such as healthcare, education, transportation, and housing, potentially leading to inadequate provision of these services.
II. Demographic Factors and Living Standards: ➡️2.➡️1. Human Capital and Education:
• Quality of education: Adequate investments in education and human capital development can improve living standards by increasing individuals' skills, productivity, and earning potential.
• Access to education: Ensuring access to education for all individuals, regardless of population size, is crucial for equitable development and the reduction of social inequalities.
➡️2.➡️2. Income Distribution and Poverty:
• Income inequality: A large population can exacerbate income inequalities if wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few, limiting the overall improvement in living standards.
• Poverty reduction: While population growth can increase the number of people living in poverty, targeted policies and inclusive economic growth strategies can help alleviate poverty and improve living conditions.
III. Sustainable Development and Population Policies: ➡️3.➡️1. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
• Balancing population growth and environmental sustainability is essential to ensure a sustainable future, as outlined by the United Nations' SDGs.
• Implementing policies that promote sustainable consumption, resource efficiency, and environmental protection can contribute to higher living standards.
➡️3.➡️2. Population Policies:
• Effective population policies, such as family planning programs, can help manage population growth, empower women, and enhance reproductive health, ultimately positively influencing living standards.
👉Conclusion: The relationship between population size and living standards is complex and multifaceted. While population growth can bring opportunities for economic development and innovation, it can also pose challenges such as resource constraints, environmental degradation, and strain on public services. To ensure sustainable and equitable development, it is crucial to focus on human capital development, address income inequalities, and implement effective population policies. Ultimately, a comprehensive approach that considers economic, social, and environmental factors is necessary to achieve improved living standards for all members of society, irrespective of population size.


I. 🍃Introduction
A. Explanation of the topic
B. Purpose of the outline
C. Thesis statement

II. Background Information
A. Definition of the topic
B. Historical context
C. Importance of the topic

III. Main Point ➡️1
A. Supporting evidence
B. Explanation of the point
C. Examples

IV. Main Point ➡️2
A. Supporting evidence
B. Explanation of the point
C. Examples

V. Main Point ➡️3
A. Supporting evidence
B. Explanation of the point
C. Examples

VI. Counterarguments
A. Explanation of opposing views
B. Refutation of opposing views
C. Examples

VII. 👉Conclusion
A. Restatement of thesis
B. Summary of main points
C. Final thoughts and recommendations.





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