top of page

A level and O level ECONOMICS 

Access 400+ Economics Essays With the Economics Study Pack 
(Free previews below!)

What if you could score the highest grades possible on your economics essays? Subscribe and get access to a collection of high-quality A+ economics essays.

  • Well structured

  • Simple and clear english

  • Diagrams included where relevant

  • For A level, AS level, GCSEs and O level.

Pros and Cons of Consumers from Firm Becoming Monopoly

Discuss whether or not consumers would benefit from a firm becoming a monopoly. In assessing each answer, use the table opposite. Why they might:


Market Structures and Competition

Frequently asked question



Use strong verbs to add power and clarity to your writing.

Consumers may or may not benefit from a firm becoming a monopoly. Let's analyze both perspectives:
Why consumers might benefit from a firm becoming a monopoly:
➡️1. Lower average costs of production: A monopoly may achieve economies of scale, resulting in lower average costs of production. This cost advantage can enable the monopoly to offer lower prices to consumers compared to what would be possible in a competitive market.
➡️2. Lower prices: With lower production costs, a monopoly may choose to pass on the cost savings to consumers through lower prices. This can lead to more affordable goods and services for consumers, allowing them to allocate their income more efficiently.
➡️3. Increased research and development (R&D): Monopolies often generate substantial profits due to their market power. These profits can be reinvested in R&D activities to improve the quality, functionality, and innovation of their products. As a result, consumers may benefit from higher-quality goods or services as the monopoly continuously strives for product improvement.
➡️4. Social welfare focus (state-owned monopolies): In some cases, a monopoly may be state-owned and driven by a social welfare objective. Such monopolies may prioritize the well-being of consumers and society over maximizing profits. They may be more inclined to provide essential goods or services to underserved areas or invest in socially beneficial projects.
Why consumers might not benefit from a firm becoming a monopoly:
➡️1. Market power exploitation: A monopoly, by definition, possesses significant market power. Without the pressure of competition, a monopoly may choose to increase prices above competitive levels, maximizing its own profits at the expense of consumers. This can result in higher prices and reduced consumer welfare.
➡️2. Reduced incentives for quality improvement: In the absence of competition, a monopoly may have less motivation to invest in improving the quality of its products or services. Without the need to attract and retain customers through superior quality, consumers may experience stagnant or lower-quality offerings.
➡️3. Limited choice: Monopolies eliminate or significantly reduce market competition, resulting in reduced consumer choice. With no alternative options available, consumers have limited ability to select products or services that best meet their preferences and needs.
➡️4. Supply restrictions: A monopoly may restrict the supply of goods or services to manipulate prices and maximize profits. This can create scarcity and limited availability, leading to higher prices and inconvenience for consumers.
➡️5. Diseconomies of scale: While economies of scale can benefit a monopoly, there is also the possibility of experiencing diseconomies of scale. As the monopoly grows larger, it may encounter operational inefficiencies and higher average costs. These increased costs can be passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices.
In summary, whether consumers benefit from a firm becoming a monopoly depends on various factors. While lower costs, lower prices, increased R&D, and state-owned monopolies may benefit consumers, the potential for price exploitation, reduced quality incentives, limited choice, supply restrictions, and diseconomies of scale are important considerations that may diminish consumer welfare in a monopolistic market.


I. 🍃Introduction
- Definition of a monopoly
- Importance of studying monopolies in economics

II. Advantages of a monopoly
- Lower average costs of production due to economies of scale
- Lower prices for consumers
- Larger profits for the company, which can be spent on R&D
- Improved quality of the product due to higher R&D

III. Disadvantages of a monopoly
- Use of market power to increase prices
- Lack of competition reduces pressure to improve quality
- Consumers have less choice
- Lack of availability if the monopoly restricts supply to drive up price
- Higher average costs due to diseconomies of scale

IV. State-owned monopolies
- Definition and examples
- Goal of increasing social welfare
- Potential drawbacks

V. 👉Conclusion
- Summary of advantages and disadvantages of monopolies
- Importance of balancing market power with consumer welfare


• a monopoly may have lower average costs of production due to economies of scale
• lower costs of production may result in lower prices
• a monopoly may have larger profits which can be spent on R&D
• higher R&D can improve the quality of the product
• may be a state-owned monopoly which seeks to increase social welfare. Why they might not:
• monopoly may use market power to increase price
• lack of competition may reduce pressure to improve quality
• consumers will have less choice
• there may be a lack of availability if the monopoly restricts supply to drive up price
• a monopoly may have higher average costs due to diseconomies of scale.




Halftone Image of a Hand

The above material is protected and is not to be copied.

bottom of page