top of page

A level and O level ECONOMICS 

Access 400+ Economics Essays With the Economics Study Pack 
(Free previews below!)

What if you could score the highest grades possible on your economics essays? Subscribe and get access to a collection of high-quality A+ economics essays.

  • Well structured

  • Simple and clear english

  • Diagrams included where relevant

  • For A level, AS level, GCSEs and O level.

 

www.toolazytostudy.com.png

Providing Subsidies for Housing in Cairo

Nearly one million people in Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, live in crowded, unhealthy housing. One reason why people lack basic necessities, including adequate housing, is unemployment. In 2019, nearly 10% of Cairo’s workers did not have a job. Other citizens of Cairo live in luxury, in houses costing more than $1 million. Many of Cairo’s rich adults grew up in rich families

Discuss whether a government should provide subsidies to families to spend on housing.

Category:

Economic Growth and Development

CIE O level June 2021!

tgu9i.PNG

Answer

Tip: Note how the facts given in the case study are used in the essay.

(Step 1: Define 'subsidy' in the introduction)

It can be debated whether a subsidy should be given to families to spend on housing. A housing subsidy is a payment made by the government to families, with the objective to reduce the amount they spend to buy a house. Cairo will be taken as an example in this essay, where nearly one million people, live in crowded, unhealthy housing.

(Step 2: Discuss the arguments in favor of a subsidy on housing)

There are several reasons why a government should provide housing subsidies

🏠 Purchasing power will increase

Housing subsidies will increase the purchasing power of the families who receive them. Not only will lower-income families be able to afford a house, but they will also have spare money to spend on other necessities such as education.

🏠 Poverty will be reduced

Low-income families will be able to benefit from adequate housing and this will prevent overcrowding. If the government provides housing subsidies, families will be able to spend the money saved on other basic goods and services such as food, healthcare and education. Furthermore, families may be able to afford better quality housing.

🏠 Jobs will be created

The demand for housing will be boosted, in turn, creating jobs in the housebuilding sector e.g carpenters, electricians etc... This will be beneficial in Cairo, where in 2019, nearly 10% of Cairo’s workers did not have a job.

(Step 3: Discuss the arguments against a subsidy on housing)

There are several reasons why a government should not provide housing subsidies

🏠 Burden on taxpayers

Some families may be rich enough to afford a house and it would be a waste of taxpayer's money to provide rich families with housing subsidies. For example, the richer citizens of Cairo live in luxury, in houses costing more than $1 million. Furthermore, taxes may need to be raised in order to finance these subsidies.

🏠 There will be opportunity costs

The money spend providing housing subsidies could have been spent on building the country's human capital through developing a better education system. The very reason why people cannot afford adequate housing in Cairo is because of unemployment. Thus if the money spent on housing subsidies were instead spent on education and training, people would be able to find jobs and in turn, buy housing.

🏠 Building more houses may result in environmental damage

The sudden increased demand for new houses may cause rapid environmental damage such as massive deforestation. Not only will forests be cut down to build houses, but for raw materials such as wood.

🏠 There may be inflation

If the government provides subsidies for housing, the rise in demand for houses may be matched by increasing prices for raw materials such as cement, wood and glass. The increased demand for houses will also boost demand for complementary goods such as furniture and carpets, whose prices may also rise. This can give rise to inflation.

(Step 4: Provide a sound conclusion)

To conclude, providing housing subsidies to lower-income families may be particularly useful if the population is growing rapidly. Affordable housing is essential to contributing to national socio-economic development. However, the burden on taxpayers should be taken into account. It would also be preferable if this subsidy was adopted alongside other policies to boost employment. This makes sense if unemployment is the reason why people cannot afford housing in the first place.

rurtrrutu.PNG

lkml.PNG

lkml.PNG

lkml.PNG

lkml.PNG

Halftone Image of a Hand

The above material is protected and is not to be copied.

bottom of page