top of page

A level and O level ECONOMICS 

Access 400+ Economics Essays With the Economics Study Pack 
(Free previews below!)

What if you could score the highest grades possible on your economics essays? Subscribe and get access to a collection of high-quality A+ economics essays.

  • Well structured

  • Simple and clear english

  • Diagrams included where relevant

  • For A level, AS level, GCSEs and O level.

What influences work location choices?

Identify influences on which country a person decides to work in.


CIE May/June 2023



Title: Factors Influencing Location Decision Making for Workers: An Economic Perspective

In the realm of economics, the decision of where to work is influenced by a multitude of factors that individuals consider in order to maximize their financial and personal well-being. Factors such as wages, working conditions, job opportunities, qualifications required, and personal safety play crucial roles in determining the location preferences of workers. Alongside these economic factors, considerations such as family ties, language spoken, immigration restrictions, and living standards also come into play when individuals contemplate the location in which they wish to seek employment. This essay aims to analyze the influences that shape a person's decision on where to work, utilizing relevant economic concepts and theories to provide a comprehensive understanding of this complex decision-making process.

Factors Affecting Location Decision Making:

1. Wages/GDP per Head:
Wages serve as a primary motivator for individuals in choosing where to work. Higher wages attract workers to regions or countries with greater economic prosperity, as reflected in GDP per head. Economies with higher GDP per head typically offer better job prospects and higher remuneration, making them more attractive destinations for skilled workers seeking financial stability and advancement.

2. Working Conditions:
The quality of working conditions is a significant factor that influences a person's decision on where to work. Workers are inclined towards locations that offer safe, healthy, and conducive work environments, as improved working conditions enhance job satisfaction and productivity. Access to amenities and facilities that promote well-being can act as a pull factor for individuals seeking employment opportunities.

3. Job Opportunities/Job Security:
The availability of diverse job opportunities and job security prospects are pivotal considerations for workers when selecting a location for employment. Regions with burgeoning employment prospects and stable job markets are likely to appeal to job seekers looking for long-term career growth and stability. Assessing job security and growth potential in a particular location is essential for individuals aiming to secure their future.

4. Qualifications Required:
The qualifications required for jobs in different locations can impact a person's decision on where to work. Individuals tend to gravitate towards regions where their skill sets and qualifications are in demand, as this increases their likelihood of securing employment and advancing in their careers. Education and training opportunities also play a role in determining the attractiveness of a location for potential employees.

5. Family Ties:
Family ties and obligations can significantly influence a person's decision regarding where to work. Proximity to family members, support networks, and social connections may weigh heavily in the decision-making process, leading individuals to prioritize locations that allow for better work-life balance and family cohesion.

6. Immigration Restrictions:
Immigration restrictions and visa policies can act as barriers for individuals seeking work opportunities in foreign countries. Stringent immigration regulations may deter individuals from considering locations with limited prospects for obtaining work permits or residency, affecting their decision-making process regarding where to work.

7. Living Standards/Cost of Living:
The cost of living and overall living standards in a particular location play a crucial role in determining whether it is a viable option for employment. High living costs can diminish the allure of a region with high wages, as expenses may offset potential financial gains. Balancing living standards with income potential is essential for individuals striving to maintain a comfortable lifestyle.

8. Better Welfare/Healthcare/Education Provision:
Access to quality welfare services, healthcare facilities, and educational opportunities can sway a person's decision on where to work. Locations with robust welfare systems and healthcare provisions, as well as excellent educational institutions, are more likely to attract workers seeking a high quality of life and well-being for themselves and their families.

In conclusion, the decision of where to work is a multifaceted process that entails the consideration of various economic, social, and personal factors. By examining influences such as wages, working conditions, job opportunities, qualifications required, family ties, immigration restrictions, living standards, and welfare provisions, individuals can make informed choices that align with their career aspirations, financial goals, and overall well-being. Understanding the interplay of these factors is essential for policymakers and businesses alike in creating environments that attract and retain a skilled workforce, fostering economic growth and societal progress.






Halftone Image of a Hand

The above material is protected and is not to be copied.

bottom of page