top of page


Economics notes


Banking refers to the activities of financial institutions that accept deposits, provide loans, and offer other financial services to individuals, businesses, and governments. Banks play a critical role in the economy by facilitating the flow of funds between savers and borrowers. They accept deposits from individuals and businesses, which they use to provide loans and credit. Banks also offer services such as checking and savings accounts, investment products, payment systems, and financial advice. The banking sector is regulated to ensure financial stability, consumer protection, and the efficient functioning of the financial system. Understanding banking helps in analyzing credit creation, money supply, financial intermediation, and the role of banks in economic growth and stability.

What is the role of banks in the economy?

Banks play a vital role in the economy as financial intermediaries. They facilitate the flow of funds between savers and borrowers, provide loans and credit to individuals and businesses, offer secure storage of money, enable electronic transactions, create money through the lending process, and contribute to the stability and functioning of the overall financial system.

How do banks facilitate borrowing and lending?

Banks act as intermediaries between savers and borrowers, accepting deposits from savers and providing loans to individuals, businesses, and governments, facilitating borrowing and lending in the economy.

What are the risks associated with banking activities?

Risks include credit risk, liquidity risk, and market risk.

bottom of page