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Economics notes


➡️ Globalisation is the process of increased integration and interdependence of economies, cultures, and societies across the world. It is driven by increased trade and investment, the spread of technology, and the movement of people.
➡️ Globalisation has had a profound impact on the world economy, with increased competition, lower prices, and improved access to goods and services. It has also led to increased economic growth, increased employment opportunities, and improved living standards in many countries.
➡️ However, globalisation has also had some negative effects, such as increased inequality, environmental degradation, and the displacement of workers. It is important to ensure that the benefits of globalisation are shared fairly and that its negative impacts are minimised.

How has globalisation impacted the global economy?

Globalisation has led to increased trade and investment across borders, resulting in greater economic growth and job creation. However, it has also led to increased competition and inequality, as some countries and individuals benefit more than others.

What are the benefits and drawbacks of globalisation for developing countries?

Globalisation can provide developing countries with access to new markets, technology, and investment, which can help to boost economic growth and reduce poverty. However, it can also lead to increased competition and exploitation, as multinational corporations may take advantage of weaker labour and environmental regulations.

How has globalisation affected income inequality within countries?

Globalisation has contributed to rising income inequality within many countries, as it has led to increased competition for jobs and wages. However, it has also provided opportunities for some individuals and businesses to benefit from global trade and investment. Policies such as progressive taxation and social welfare programs can help to mitigate the negative effects of globalisation on income inequality.

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