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Economics notes

# Significance Of Ped

➡️ PED (Price Elasticity of Demand) is a measure of the responsiveness of demand to changes in price. It is an important concept in economics as it helps to determine the optimal pricing strategy for a product or service.

➡️ PED is calculated by dividing the percentage change in quantity demanded by the percentage change in price. A PED of 1 indicates that a 1% change in price will result in a 1% change in quantity demanded.

➡️ PED is used to determine the optimal pricing strategy for a product or service. If the PED is elastic, then a decrease in price will result in an increase in total revenue. If the PED is inelastic, then an increase in price will result in an increase in total revenue.

### What is PED and why is it significant in economics?

PED stands for Price Elasticity of Demand, which is a measure of the responsiveness of the quantity demanded of a good or service to a change in its price. It is significant in economics because it helps businesses and policymakers understand how consumers will react to changes in prices, and therefore make informed decisions about pricing strategies and policies.

### How is PED calculated and what does it tell us about demand?

PED is calculated by dividing the percentage change in quantity demanded by the percentage change in price. A PED of greater than 1 indicates that demand is elastic, meaning that consumers are highly responsive to changes in price. A PED of less than 1 indicates that demand is inelastic, meaning that consumers are less responsive to changes in price. A PED of exactly 1 indicates unit elasticity, meaning that a change in price will result in an equal percentage change in quantity demanded.

### What are some real-world examples of the significance of PED?

One example of the significance of PED is in the pricing of gasoline. Gasoline has an inelastic demand, meaning that consumers are less responsive to changes in price. This allows gasoline companies to raise prices without significantly reducing demand. Another example is in the pricing of luxury goods, which often have an elastic demand. Luxury goods companies must be careful not to raise prices too much, as consumers may switch to cheaper alternatives. Policymakers also use PED to determine the impact of taxes on consumer behavior, as taxes can affect the price of goods and services.

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